Bosnia and Herzegovina

Bosnia and Herzegovina
   Bosnia and Herzegovina has been predominantly Muslim since the Ottoman Muslim conquest of the 15th century. Christianity had some presence, thanks largely to Catholic Croatia to the north and west and Orthodox Serbia to the east, but there was little room for Protestantism, the closest enclave being in more distant Transylvania.
   A Lutheran church was formed in the 1750s. In 1865, Franz Tabor, a Baptist, moved to Sarajevo. His work was supplemented in the next decade by the arrival of representatives of the Church of the Nazarene. The small amount of Protestant work was totally disrupted by World War II and the subsequent establishment of a Marxist Yugoslavian regime under Marshal Josip Tito (1892-1980). With the fall of Marxism and the dismantling of Yugoslavia, Bosnia emerged as an independent nation. In 1992, it declared its intention to become the first Islamic state in Europe. Moves to implement the declaration resulted in civil war (a third of the country being ethnic Serbs, with another large minority of Croats). Forces from Croatia and Serbia were soon involved in the fighting. Both sides became known for their brutality and actions against civilians. A fragile peace was brought to the region toward the end of the decade.
   The raging conflicts kept missionaries away, in contrast to other post-Marxist countries such as Romania and Hungary. The older churches, by now thoroughly indigenous in character, have only begun to recover. The largest work was reported by the Jehovah's Witnesses, with more than 1,300 members, followed closely by the Seventh-day Adventist Church, the only Protestant church with more than 1,000 members. Several other groups have initiated work, including the Christian Brethren and the New Apostolic Church. Some of the Evangelical organizations worked together to found the Bosnia and Herzegovina Bible Society in 1999 to coordinate the publication of the Bible and Christian literature.
   Further reading:
   ■ David Barret, The Encyclopedia of World Christianity, 2nd ed. (New York: Oxford University Press, 2001)
   ■ Patrick Johnstone and Jason Mandryk, Operation World, 21st Century Edition (Carlisle, Cumbria, U.K.: Paternoster, 2001).

Encyclopedia of Protestantism. . 2005.

Игры ⚽ Нужно сделать НИР?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bosnia and Herzegovina — Bosnia redirects here. For other uses, see Bosnia (disambiguation). Not to be confused with Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina or Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosna i Hercegovina Босна и Херцеговина …   Wikipedia

  • Bosnia and Herzegovina — • Together, form the north western corner of the Balkan Peninsula Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Bosnia and Herzegovina     Bosnia and Herzegovina      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Bosnia and Herzegovina — [bäz′nē ə and hert΄sə gō vē′nə] country in SE Europe: it came under Turkish rule in the 15th cent. and under Austro Hungarian control in 1878: it was part of Yugoslavia (1918 91): 19,741 sq mi (51,129 sq km); pop. 4,366,000; cap. Sarajevo: also… …   English World dictionary

  • Bosnia and Herzegovina — a republic in S Europe: formerly (1945 92) a constituent republic of Yugoslavia. 2,607,734; 19,909 sq. mi. (51,565 sq. km). Cap.: Sarajevo. * * * Bosnia and Herzegovina Introduction Bosnia and Herzegovina Background: Bosnia and Herzegovina s… …   Universalium

  • Bosnia and Herzegovina — <p></p> <p></p> Introduction ::Bosnia and Herzegovina <p></p> Background: <p></p> Bosnia and Herzegovina s declaration of sovereignty in October 1991 was followed by a declaration of independence… …   The World Factbook

  • Bosnia and Herzegovina — noun a mountainous republic of south central Europe; formerly part of the Ottoman Empire and then a part of Yugoslavia; voted for independence in 1992 but the mostly Serbian army of Yugoslavia refused to accept the vote and began ethnic cleansing …   Useful english dictionary

  • Bosnia and Herzegovina–Croatia relations — Bosnia and Herzegovina – Croatia relations Croatia …   Wikipedia

  • Bosnia and Herzegovina convertible mark — konvertibilna marka (Bosnian) (Croatian) (Serbian) конвертибилна марка (Serbian) …   Wikipedia

  • Bosnia and Herzegovina in the Eurovision Song Contest 2006 — Bosnia and Herzegovina’s entry for the Eurovision Song Contest 2006 was Lejla by Hari Varešanović. It was selected as the country s entry by the national broadcaster, PBSBiH. At the European final, it came third, giving the country its highest… …   Wikipedia

  • Bosnia and Herzegovina–Russia relations — is the bilateral foreign relations between the two countries, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Russia. Russia has an embassy in Sarajevo, and Bosnia has an embassy in Moscow …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”