Hutchinson, Anne

Hutchinson, Anne
(15 91-16 4 3)
   religious dissident in colonial New England
   Anne Hutchinson, a leading dissenter in early 17th-century Puritan Massachusetts, has been recognized in the 20th century as a pioneer Christian feminist. Hutchinson was born Anne Marbury in Alford, Lincolnshire, England. Her father, a Puritan minister, had been arrested on several occasions for expressing dissenting opinions. She married William Hutchinson in 1612.
   In 1634, the Hutchinsons took up residence in Boston, Massachusetts. Hutchinson had been impressed by John Cotton's ministry in London the previous year, but she found the atmosphere in Boston considerably less free than in London. Only the male members of the church were invited to meet after Sunday services to discuss the sermon. In reaction, she invited the women to her home. These meetings provided an opportunity for her to inject her dissenting views into the community. The meetings became quite popular, eventually drawing men as well as women. She emphasized personal religion and also questioned the faith of many of the ministers, at one point claiming that only John Cotton and John Wheelwright (her brother-in-law) showed signs of being among the elect.
   Hutchinson's real troubles began when former governor John Winthrop blocked the appointment of Wheelwright as pastor to one of the Boston churches. Her dissent now became a public issue, and she was branded as an antinomian (against the law).
   As a result of the controversy, Winthrop resumed his former post and placed a ban on private meetings. His supporters had a list of reputed heresies read out at a synod meeting. When Hutchinson continued to hold her meetings, she and Wheelwright were tried for heresy. Hutchin-son proved an articulate defendant and answered all the charges against her. However, in the process, she also revealed that she had received a private revelation. Winthrop branded it a delusion, and the court banished her from Massachusetts. she was put under house arrest to await a church trial.
   In March 1638, Hutchinson was tried by the elders of the church of Boston. By this time, John Cotton had joined her opponents and accused her of teaching free love. she was excommunicated. Hutchinson, her family, and some followers left Massachusetts to settle on an island purchased from the Narragansett people in what is now Rhode Island. Her husband died in 1642, and she moved to a settlement just north of present-day New York City, where she and several of her children were killed in 1643 in an Indian war.
   Further reading:
   ■ Robert Rimmer, The Resurrection of Anne Hutchinson (Amherst, N.Y.: Prometheus Books, 1987)
   ■ Winnifred King Rugg, Unafraid: A Life of Anne Hutchinson (Boston/New York: Houghton Mifflin, 1930)
   ■ Jared Sparks, In Defiance of the Law: From Anne Hutchinson to Toni Morrison (New York: Peter Lang, 2001)
   ■ Selma R. Williams, Divine Rebel: The Life of Anne Marbury Hutchinson (New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston, 1981).

Encyclopedia of Protestantism. . 2005.

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  • Hutchinson,Anne — Hutchinson, Anne. 1591 1643. English born American colonist and religious leader who was banished from Boston (1637) for her religious beliefs, which included an emphasis on personal intuition as a means toward salvation. * * * …   Universalium

  • Hutchinson, Anne — orig. Anne Marbury (baptized July 20, 1591, Alford, Lincolnshire, Eng. died August or September 1643, Pelham Bay, N.Y.) Anglo American religious leader. In 1612 she married William Hutchinson, and they followed John Cotton to the Massachusetts… …   Universalium

  • Hutchinson, Anne — orig. Anne Marbury (bautizada 20 jul. 1591, Alford, Lincolnshire, Inglaterra –ago. o sep. 1643, Pelham Bay, N.Y., EE.UU.). Dirigente religiosa angloamericana. En 1612 se casó con William Hutchinson y en 1634 ambos siguieron a John Cotton a la… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • HUTCHINSON, ANNE —    a religious fanatic, born in England, settled in New England, U.S.; expelled from the colony for Antinomian heresy, took refuge in Rhode Island, and was with her family butchered by the Indians (1590 1643) …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Anne Hutchinson — (July 20, 1591 – August 20, 1643) was the unauthorized Puritan minister of a dissident church discussion group and a pioneer settler in Massachusetts, Rhode Island and New Netherlands. Her brilliant mind and kindness won admiration and a… …   Wikipedia

  • Hutchinson — /huch in seuhn/, n. 1. Anne Marbury /mahr beuh ree/, 1591 1643, American religious liberal, born in England: banished from Massachusetts 1637. 2. Thomas, 1711 80, American colonial administrator: royal governor of Massachusetts 1769 74; in exile… …   Universalium

  • Anne Hutchinson — Le procès d Anne Hutchinson Anne Hutchinson (juillet 1591, juillet 1643) est une puritaine dissidente de la Colonie de la baie du Massachusetts. Anne Hutchinson affirme que la Bible peut être interprétée individuellement, par elle comme par toute …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Anne — /an/, n. 1. 1665 1714, queen of England 1702 14 (daughter of James II of England). 2. a female given name, form of Anna. * * * I born Feb. 6, 1665, London, Eng. died Aug. 1, 1714, London Queen of Great Britain (1702–14) and the last Stuart… …   Universalium

  • Anne — (as used in expressions) Bradstreet, Anne Anne Dudley Camargo, Marie (Anne de Cupis de) Corday (d Armont), (Marie Anne) Charlotte Ferraro, Geraldine (Anne) Hébert, Anne Hutchinson, Anne Anne Marbury Montmorency, Anne, duque de Alice Anne Laidlaw… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Hutchinson — (as used in expressions) Hutchinson, Anne Hutchinson, familia Hutchinson, Thomas …   Enciclopedia Universal

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